• Use resistant varieties, if available
  • Practice good soil preparation and monitor soil pH
  • Maintain good soil moisture and avoid waterlogging
  • Use pathogen-free (certified) seeds and seedlings
  • Practice proper spacing for good ventilation and sun exposure
  • Use fertilizers and pesticides properly
  • Avoid excessive leaf pruning
  • Clean tools with bleach solution
  • To prevent infection from spreading, sick plants, old crops and weeds must be removed and destroyed
  • Crop rotation prevents build up of insect pests and diseases and restores soil fertility
Manage Disease
Control insect vectors using insect traps, reflective mulches or insecticides spray
Fipronil 2B
Lambda-cyhalothrin 3A
Dinotefuran 4A
Imidacloprid 4A
Thiamethoxam 4A
Abamectin 6
Chlorphenapyr 13
Cartap hydrochloride 14
**Alternate mode of action groups to prevent build-up of resistance